Jumat, 30 Desember 2011

Facial rejuvenation

Facial rejuvenation is any cosmetic or medical procedure used to increase or restore the appearance of a younger age to human face. The specific term, however, refers to a set of surgical procedures which try to restore facial geometry and skin appearance which are typical of youth, by using a combination of brow lift, elimination of eye bags, eyelids lift, elimination of senile spots, skin aging, facial sagging and wrinkles by face lift and rhytidectomy and physical or chemical peeling, chin lift (reduction of double chin), restoration of facial hairline, etc. These procedures are usually successful and in some cases achieve striking results. Examples of facial rejuvenation treatments are Fractional Radiofrequency and Ultherapy, both non-invasive procedures stimulating the body's own regenerative process of building new skin and tighten the skin.
Other procedures are:

Influence of changes in bone structure

More recent research has pointed out the influence of changes in the facial skeleton with age on the appearance of "oldness", especially in the mid-face area and the lower part of the orbits around the nose. quantitative study with CAT scans of the faces of men and women in several age brackets  has revealed that there is an appreciable amount of loss of bone tissue in these regions with age, leading to changes in angles, lengths and volumes, and also decreasing the distance between the eyes. This occurs earlier in women than in man. It has been hypothesised that skin sagging and wrinkles may occur not only because of loss of soft tissue and fat, but also because bone retraction creates an excess of skin which is no longer flexible. Future facial rejuvenation techniques may take into account these findings and restore bone lost by aging processes.

Visual appraisal of facial youthness

Human visual perception is notable to its sensitivity and accuracy in estimating or perceiving age by instant pattern recognition of facial features. Often, human faces with no measurable difference in facial geometry and appearance are perceived as having different ages. This mechanism is not yet entirely understood, but they may be related to the subtle changes in facial bone structure related above.

Trends in facial rejuvenation

According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, more than 114,000 facelifts and nearly 55,000 forehead lifts were performed in the USA in 2004, the majority on women. A significant upward trend on the number of facial rejuvenation procedures is predicted, due to the following factors:
  1. Men have also started to perform these procedures at increasing numbers;
  2. Emphasis on image of youthfulness by the mass media and fashion;
  3. Increasing numbers of senior people enjoying good health and financial affluence at older ages;
  4. Decreasing costs of surgery and other cosmetic procedures, making them affordable to all
Skin care-Facial Care-Moisturizing Facial Tonic
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial care >> Moisturizing products (creams & lotions)
Supplier
National Starch and Chemical-Personal Care
End consumer benefits
light feeling
moisturizing
smoothness
softness
tackiness reducing/non-tacky
Description
Leaves the skin feeling smooth and supple. Adds moisture to the skin while contributing a light, non-tacky after feel.
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
0.50
A
10.00
A
0.25
A
1.00
A
0.50
A
5.00
A
0.50
Properties
pH: 6.50 - 7.00; Viscosity: 80-110 cps (Brookfield Viscometer, RV Spindle #2, 100 rpm)
Procedure
Add the water to the mixing vessel. Slowly sift in hydroxyethylcellulose and mix until homogeneous. Add the remaining ingredients one at a time, mixing until homogeneous before adding the next ingredient. Pour off into containers.



Skin care: O/W-Facial Mask
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial care >> Masks & peel-off products
Supplier
Clariant
End consumer benefits
non-comedogenic
Description
O/W Formulation. Anti-acne with Piroctone Olamine.
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
2.00
A
7.00
A
1.00
A
Cetylstearyl Alcohol
3.00
A
1.00
A
5.00
A
8.00
A
5.00
A
0.50
B
3.00
B
0.50
C
Sodium Hydroxide Solution (10% in water)
1.05
C
5.00
C
1.00
C
0.20
D
0.20
E
15.00
F
2.00
F
0.40
F
q.s.
Properties
-
Procedure
1 Melt A at 70°C, then add the components of B.
2 Heat C to 70°C.
3 Stir 2 into 1 and stir until cool.
4 Dissolve D in E at approx. 40°C.
5 Stir the solution of 4 into 3.
6 At 35°C stir the components of F into 5.
7 Finally homogenize the emulsion.
Allow to work for 15 minutes, remove with a damp cloth.

 
Skin care-Facial care-Skin Tightening Facial Mask
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial care >> Masks & peel-off products
Supplier
Desert Whale Jojoba
End consumer benefits
nourishing
Description
This nourishing face mask contains rich Pistachio Seed Oil, Jojoba Oil, and ISO JOJOBA™ 35 to increase skin radiance and encourage a healthy complexion. JOJOBA PRO – HP® helps diminish fine lines and wrinkles to give the skin a noticeably younger appearance, leaving the skin feeling fresh and radiant all day. Apply to clean face and neck, avoiding the eye and lip areas. Relax for 10-15 minutes and rinse well with warm water.
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
q.s
A
0.10%
A
4.00%
A
2.00%
A
q.s
B
Pistachio Seed Oil
1.50%
B
ISO JOJOBA™ 35
0.50%
B
Jojoba Oil Golden
2.00%
B
2.00%
B
1.50%
C
5.00%
C
3.00%
C
Kaoline Colloidal NF
5.00%
D
10.00%
E
JOJOBA PRO-HP®
1.50%
E
Preservative
q.s
E
q.s
E
q.s
E
q.s
Properties
-
Procedure
Heat Part A to 75C. Pre-heat Part B to 75C. Add Part B to Part A. Add in order Part C to A+B. Add Part D to Part AB-
C slowly, with good mixing. Cool to 35C and add Part E with good mixing.




Facial Care- MOISTURIZING STICK WITH JOJOBA BUTTER
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial care >> Moisturizing products (creams & lotions)
Supplier
Desert Whale Jojoba
End consumer benefits
moisturizing
non-greasy
smoothness
Description
An all-over body moisturizer in a convenient stick application. Iso Jojoba™ (Jojoba Butter) aids in creating a stick that glides on smoothly and provides non-greasy moisturization. Jojoba Wax contributes to stick strength, without being brittle.
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
10.0%
A
10.00%
A
10.00%
A
1.00
A
21.60%
A
10.00%
A
1.00%
A
0.05%
A
0.05%
A
Ceresin Wax
7.00%
A
5.00%
A
1.00%
A
Glyceryl Tribehenate
5.00%
A
18.00%
A
0.30%
Properties
-
Procedure
Combine and heat to 95C with stirring until solids are melted. Pour at 65C, topping off again to minimize sink holes.
Shave tops of sticks to finish if desired.

Skin Care: Soft Skin Facial Cleanser
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial cleansing >> Cleansing lotions & toners
Supplier
Jeen International Corporation
End consumer benefits

Description
Skin Care: Soft Skin Facial Cleanser
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
36.2%
A
3.0%
B
10.0%
B
JEETERIC® CDX-38 (JEEN® Int’l)
6.0%
B
6.0%
B
0.4%
B
1.0%
C
5.0%
C
10.0%
D
5.0%
E
10.5%
E
4.5%
F
1.0%
F
1.0%
G
2.0%
H
0.2%
H
0.2%
I
FD&C #40 (0.2%)
q.s.
Properties
Appearance: Hazy gel
pH (direct): 4.8 – 5.1
Procedure
1. Heat A to 64-70 degrees C

2. Premix Phase B ingredients and add to A. Mix for 15 minutes.

3. Premix C and add to A+B.

4. Add D.

5. Add E one at a time.

6. Cool the batch to 40 degrees C.

7. Add Phase F ingredients one at a time and mix well.

8. Add Phase G and mix well.

9. Pre-mix Phase H and add to the batch. Add Phase I and mix well.

Skin care: Oil Control Facial Cream
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial care >> Shine Control products
Supplier
National Starch and Chemical-Personal Care
End consumer benefits
sebum absorption/shining reducing
smoothness
velvety feeling
Description
This facial cream formulation contains a combination of specialty starch ingredients to deliver exceptional performance and aesthetics. The Aluminum Starch Octenylsuccinate (and) Acrylates Polymer (and) Magnesium Carbonate starch is effective on the skin at absorbing oil and reducing shine. The Corn Starch Modified aesthetic enhancing starch provides a smooth and velvety feel to skin. The Potato Starch Modified starch is effective as an emulsion stabilizer and rheology modifier with an elegant feel.
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
0.80
B
8.00
B
2.00
B
3.00
B
3.20
C
0.30
D
0.50
D
3.60
D
4.00
E
1.00
E
3.00
E
4.00
E
3.00
Properties
pH: 5.5 – 6.0; Viscosity: 22,000 cps (Brookfield viscosity, RVDVII, 20 rpm, 25oC, spindle 6)
Procedure
I. (Phase A) Potato Starch Modified into the water at room temperature; then, heat it up to 80°C. Hold temperature for 20 minutes.
II. Melt the components of Phase B (75-80°C)
III. Stir Phase A to Phase B (75-80°C). Allow Phase AB combination to cool.
IV. Add Phase C to Phase AB when the emulsion temperature is 50°C.
V. Weigh the ingredients of Phase D and mix until clear; add to Phase ABC at 45-50°C.
VI. Mix the Corn Starch Modified with propylene glycol, then add the glycerin ; Aluminum Starch Octenylsuccinate; Acrylates Polymer; Magnesium Carbonate to make a paste and add Phase E into the emulsion at 40°C.

Skin care: Moisturising Facial Cream Exfoliator
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial cleansing >> Exfoliating products
Supplier
Desert Whale Jojoba
End consumer benefits
long-lasting
mildness
moisturizing
Description
An exfoliating facial cream with Simmondsia Chinesis (Jojoba) Butter (and) Hydrogenated Jojoba Oil to gently exfoliate the face, and Jojoba Wax PEG 120 Esters to moisturize the skin, while acting as a mild, non-ionic surfactant. The Simmondsia Chinesis (Jojoba) Butter (and) Hydrogenated Jojoba Oil melt into the skin upon rub-in for long-lasting moisturization. Jojoba Wax PEG 120 Esters also acts as a pH adjuster and secondary emulsifying agent in the formula.
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
0.05
A
0.50
B
0.25
B
0.10
B
2.50
C
0.05
C
5.00
C
5.00
C
3.00
C
8.90
D
8.90
D
8.90
D
1.50
E
0.20
F
0.34
F
0.063
F
0.034
F
2.50
Properties
-
Procedure
Combine Tetrasodium EDTA & water of phase C with propellor. Slowly add Sodium Lauryl Sulfoacetate to phase C with prop, scraping sides occasionally, then heat to 75°C with prop. Mix with prop as slowly as possible to minimize foam. Add Pluracare to C with prop maintaining 70-75C, scraping sides occasionally. Add Aqua Sol to C with prop maintaining 70-75C. Combine phase B, heat & mix occasionally until
clear. Combine water &Tetrasodium EDTA of phase A with prop. Sprinkle in Cellosize with prop, and heat to 75C. Combine phase D & heat
to 80C in oil bath. Add premixed phase B to phase A with prop. @ 75C. Add phase C to phase AB @ 75C with prop. Add phase D @ 80C to phase ABC @ 75C with prop, slowly allowing the additions to be taken in. Add phase E to phase ABCD @ 50C with prop. & switch to sweep. Add phase F at RT with sweep. Add phase G at RT with sweep.

Skin Care: Anti-Acne Facial Cleansing Gel
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial care >> Anti-Acne Products
Supplier
Akzo Nobel
End consumer benefits
cushioning effect
Description
AMAZE® XT polymer is used as a thickening and suspending agent for this low pH clear gel. AMAZE XT polymer also improves the sensorial aspect of this gel by providing an amazing after feel.
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
3.00%
A
1.50%
A
74.30%
A
10.00%
B
0.50%
B
1.00%
B
0.10%
B
3.00%
C
0.40%
C
0.40%
D
5.00%
D
0.50%
D
0.30%
Properties
pH: 4.00 - 4.50
Viscosity: 10,000 – 16,000cps
Procedure
1. In Phase A, disperse AMAZE XT polymer into Propylene Glycol, then add the water with mixing to swell AMAZE XT polymer, add Incronam, adjust to moderate mixing, heat to 80°C and keep for 30 minutes. Cool down to RT.

2. In Phase B, mix all the ingredients together, heat to 50°C to accelerate the dissolution of salicylic acid if needed.

3. Premix Phase C, then add Phase C into Phase B and mix well.

4. Add Phase BC to Phase A with adequate mixing, then add Phase D in turn. Continue mixing until homogeneous.

Skin care: Moisturizing Facial Cream
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial care >> Moisturizing products (creams & lotions)
Supplier
Amerchol Corporation
End consumer benefits
moisturizing
Description
This all day moisturizing cream moisturizes and provides softness to the skin. The METHOCEL* cellulose ether provides viscosity and emulsion stability. It also provides lubricity- yielding a non-oily feel and excellent application qualities (no drag or tackiness).
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
q.s.
B
METHOCEL 40-202 cellulose ether
1.30%
C
0.75%
D
0.50%
D
0.60%
E
1.75%
E
0.50%
E
0.10%
F
3.00%
F
2.75%
F
2.75%
F
1.35%
F
1.25%
F
1.25%
F
1.00%
F
DC Silicone 200/200 cts
1.00%
F
0.50%
F
0.45%
F
Avocado Oil
0.25%
F
Ultrapure Shea Butter
0.25%
F
0.10%
F
DOWICIL* 200 preservative
0.10%
G
1.00%
H
Unimost U-125
1.00%
I
q.s.
Properties
pH = 5.8-6.2
Brookfield Viscosity: LVT Helipath TE @ 0.3 rpm, 778,500 cps
Procedure
At room temperature begin mixing ingredient #1 under propeller mixing at
medium speed. Add METHOCEL 40-202 cellulose ether slowly to ingredient
#1, continue mixing at medium speed for (approximately 5-10 minutes). Add
ingredient #3 to batch. Add pre-mixed Sequence #4 while mixing batch (pH
should read ~ 8.5). Mix for approximately 10-15 minutes to completely
hydrate the METHOCEL. Heat batch to 60°C on Homomixer at low speed
(approximately 5 minutes). Add pre-mixed sequence #5 to batch. Mix and
heat sequence #6 to 63-67°C under propeller mixing, until melted and
completely clear. Then add to batch on Homomixer at medium speed, mixing
for 1-2 minutes. Cool batch down using sweep blade at low speed to
approximately 35°C. At 35°C add pre-mixed Sequence #7 to batch, followed
by Sequence #8. Cool down to 25°C. At 25°C add Sequence #9 to the desired
pH.

.
Skin care: O/W Whitening Facial Cream
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial care >> Whitening preparations
Supplier
Tagra biotechnologies
End consumer benefits
long-lasting protection
whitening
Description
O/W formulation containing Polymethyl Methacrylate; Glycyrrhiza Glabra; (licorice) root extract; Tricaprylin; BHT
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
6.00
A
0.80
A
PEG-30; Dipolyhydroxystearic acid
0.50
A
8.00
A
10.00
A
2.00
A
1.50
A
5.00
A
1.00
B
100.00
B
0.10
B
3.00
B
0.20
C
5.00
C
1.00
D
1.25
E
1.00
F
q.s.
Properties
-
Procedure
1. Add Alpha to water and heat to 45-40 degreesC. Mix Glycerin plus xanthan gum and add to warm water (stir for 20-30 minutes).
2. Heat Phase A (without Titanium Dioxide; Triethylhexanoin; Isohexadecane; Aluminium Stearate; Alumina; Polyhydroxystearic Acid and Cyclopentasiloxane ) and B at 75-80degrees C.
3. Add Solaveil CT200 to A when all ingredients are already melted.
4. Add phase A to B whilst stirring moderately (200 rpm aprox). Add DC 345 fluid.
5. Homogenize AB for 1 and a half minutes (Silverson: 3.00 rpm).
6. Allow to cool down at 45-40 degrees C stirring slowly.
7. Adjust final pH around 7.0 with NaOH (20-25%).
8. Cool down at room temperature stirring slowly.

Skin Care:Facial Care:MOISTURIZER FOR DRY SKIN
Category
Skin care (Facial care, Facial cleansing, Body care, Baby care) >> Facial care >> Moisturizing products (creams & lotions)
Supplier
Zenitech
End consumer benefits
moisturizing
Description
MOISTURIZER FOR DRY SKIN
Ingredients
Phase
INCI Name
Quantity (%)
A
64.95%
A
0.10%
A
2.50%
A
15.00%
A
1.00%
A
1.00%
B
Carthamus Tinctorius (Hydrid Safflower Seed Oil)
8.00%
B
2.00%
B
1.50%
B
0.75%
B
2.00%
C
2.00%
D
0.25%
E
0.25%
Properties
-
Procedure
Combine Phase A to 75C. Combine Phase B at 75C. Add Phase B to Phase A. Add Phase C. Cool to 40C. And add Phase D & E.

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